A few simple words to try and describe improper tree pruning:
Topping: stubbing off tree tops or tree branches. These Tipu trees in Encinitas on El Camino real were topped.
Lion tailing or Poodle tailing: Stripping or “cleaning” out the inside of a tree canopy. eliminating all of the much needed lower lateral limbs and or internal growth, while neglecting the tips and ends of the branches. This Pepper tree in Encinitas was stripped up and left heavy …
Spiking or using telephone pole climbing gaffs: Using spikes is a lazy way to climb if pruning. The holes left in this queen palm are unsightly and will never heal. The damage could lead to decay and the tree breaking and falling.